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joey'd is da man
14,077 Posts
OK the first thing you need to know about feeding is the type of creature you are needing to feed as their diet and method of eating changes,


Most available fish will accept a wide range of foods including processed foods such as flake foods, sinking pellets, freeze dried bloodworm, daphnia, krill, tubifex worms and all of the other fish food tubs available in your local fish shop.

You must beware when using these processed foods that you do not over feed as the uneaten food will pollute the tank and may even kill the fish, so it is a good idea to feed often but in small amounts.

Also you can use frozen foods like frozen bloodworm, again frozen foods should be available in your local fish shop.

Also you can use live foods, now here in the UK it is illegal to use live fish as food, although I personally don't use live fish, some species which are legal to own here require live fish as they will not accept anything else, these species include moray eels, some species of piranhas and some other less common fish.

Other available live foods include bloodworm, daphnia and brine shrimp.

The advantage in using live bloodworm, daphnia and brine shrimp is that it doesn't cause tank pollution so you can use as much as you like.

Some fish may also take other foods such as meat particularly beefheart, also worms, insects, seafood such as shrimps and prawns and raw fish.

It is a good idea to provide a variety of fish foods as this will ensure that your fish is getting everything it needs in its diet.

Your fish will have one of 3 types of mouth; it may be upturned like a butterfly fish

*above pic submitted by j_burf

These fish will happily take foods from the waters surface although they will also go in other areas if needed, but for these fish it is a good idea to provide floating foods such as flake foods and freeze dried foods.

Some fish have a mouth which is centred like this piranha

*above pic submitted by Supernate

Fish like this are more suited to collecting food from the middle of the water, although they will go to the surface or the bottom in the search of food.

Some fish have mouths more suited to bottom feeding like this skunk corydoras

*above pic submitted by Innes

Fish like this are suited to finding food on the aquarium floor, they will readily accept sinking foods.

These will sometimes go into the higher levels of the tank in the search for food


Many amphibians are fully or semi aquatic and these will usually accept the same foods as fish do, and also reptomin.

Some amphibians are terrestrial and these often require live insects like crickets, locusts, and worms.

You should beware adding these insects to the tank you keep your pet in as they can sometimes chew your pet, so what I do when feeding my salamander is I place him in a bucket and add crickets one at a time until my salamander does no longer want to eat them so their is never any crickets in his tank.


You can readily buy a few crustaceans for your aquarium including Ghost shrimp, Crayfish and crabs, all of these will happily eat fish food, sinking pellets and pretty much anything I have already talked about in this post, also they may also eat your plants.
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